The Special Archetype includes three industries, each of which has a unique spatial pattern: aerospace manufacturing, telecom carriers, and pharmaceuticals manufacturing and wholesaling. Their spatial patterns are unlike those of any of the other Archetypes, and unlike each other. These differences may be due to particular industry characteristics, including the fact that each is dominated by a few large firms and has a relatively concentrated ownership pattern. So the spatial patterns we are seeing may be those of a few large establishments. At the same time, these companies provide advanced manufacturing and services, so it is important to understand their economic and spatial patterns.
Each of these industries experienced significant employment growth between 2006 and 2016, together accounting for over 11,000 new GGH jobs. In 2016, they together represented over 70,000 jobs in total.
Table 18: Special Archetype Employment, GGH, 2006 and 2016
Total GGH core employment
Total GGH employment
Employment in each industry is highly spatially clustered, most likely representing employment in a few large establishments. However, each has a unique geography.
- Aerospace has clusters at Downsview and at Pearson Airport, with smaller clusters in Ajax, Oakville, and Waterloo region.
- Telecom has clusters in Downtown Toronto and the Airport SKID, as well as in Brampton, and inner suburban Toronto at Don Mills and Scarborough City Centre.
- Pharma has several smaller clusters along Steeles Avenue, as well as in the Airport and Meadowvale SKIDs.
Modest growth in Aerospace is seen in the Airport and Meadowvale SKIDs, as well as in Cambridge. Telecoms has seen growth reinforced in the Airport SKID, Brampton, and Don Mills, with a loss of employment in Downtown Toronto. Pharma has seen growth in the clusters along Steeles Avenue, and in the Markham and Meadowvale SKIDs, with some scattered losses in older parts of Toronto and Mississauga. (See Maps 25 to 30.)
Map 25: Aerospace - Special Archetype Employment, GGH, 2016
Map 26: Aerospace - Special Archetype Employment Change, GGH, 2006-2016
Map 27: Telecoms - Special Archetype Employment, GGH, 2016
Map 28: Telecoms - Special Archetype Employment Change, GGH, 2006-2016
Map 29: Pharma - Special Archetype Employment, GGH, 2016
Map 30: Pharma - Special Archetype Employment Change, GGH, 2006-2016