Bold Election Ideas for the Toronto Region • (Neptis) The Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA), on the surface, is beginning to act like a region, best exhibited by the recent bid for Amazon's second headquarters by the newly formed regional agency, Toronto Global. Charged with attracting foreign direct investment to the Toronto region, Toronto Global was able to accomplish the difficult task of satisfying...

Four Canadian Urban Regions

Rethinking Sprawl • Preliminary findings from the Neptis Foundation showing how four major Canadian cities have grown in the past 20 years indicate that while the populations of the Vancouver, Edmonton, Calgary, and Toronto city-regions continue to expand, the rate at which new land is being urbanized at the edge has decreased over time – sometimes quite dramatically.





Revamped Neptis Geoweb mapping platform released • The Neptis Geoweb is a continually evolving interactive mapping and information platform about the Toronto area also known as the Greater Golden Horseshoe, Canada’s largest and one of its fastest-growing city-regions. It was created by bringing together policy, administrative, and census data ...

The Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe in Historical Perspective • 2006 Growth Plan is contextualized‎ within the history of regional planning in Southern Ontario, answering the question which plans were influential in shaping the Places to Grow act.

The Tor-York East Megazone: A Profile • This Policy Brief defines and describes the Tor-York East megazone (TYE), one of three regionally, provincially, and nationally significant employment zones identified in the Neptis Foundation report Planning for Prosperity.



Know your region. Register with Neptis.

Neptis is an independent, privately capitalized charitable foundation located in Toronto, Ontario, which conducts research and mapping related to the design and function of Canadian urban regions. Sign up to receive email updates on our current research program. Explore the Neptis Geoweb, our interactive mapping platform at, and learn about the forces shaping the greater Toronto region.